One pleasing aspect of owning a kitten is the litter box training is usually much easier than canine house training. Most kittens will naturally be attracted to a litter box for elimination as long as the litter box is accessible and the litter is desirable.
Problems tend to arise when the litter box isn't accessible or clean. Inappropriate elimination outside the litter box is one of the major problems presented to veterinarians. Behavior problems may be the cause of inappropriate elimination, however, medical ailments such as urinary tract disease must first be ruled out.
It is much easier to avoid a litter box problem than fix one. Most cats prefer finely particulate material as an elimination substrate. Some general guidelines are: